Productivist agriculture: definition!
Productivist or intensive farming gives rise to debates. Actually, farmers are faced with the dilemmas set by the environmental impacts and the need to feed the planet.
Productive or intensive agriculture is a system of agricultural production which consists of concentrating the maximum of means in order to increase the productivity of crops on a surface. Thus, it requires the use of a large amount of chemical inputs. In fact, these products treat crops against weeds and pests. Moreover, it uses seeds and fertilizers to ensure agricultural yield.
Type of productivist agriculture
The notion of productivist farming can have various aspects. It may consist of maximizing soil yield by focusing on human factors and capital. This is what happens, for example, in the case of industrial farms or greenhouse crops. It also involves the replacement of labor by agricultural machinery to ensure production over large areas. This affects cereal growing in developed countries.
Benefits of Productivist Agriculture
Feed the land
Given the growth of the world population and the scarcity of arable land, the practice of intensive agriculture is presented as the appropriate solution to deal with the current food crisis. Indeed, it helps maintain or even increase productivity in cultivated areas at the expense of tropical forests. Thus, this production system comes across as the key to achieve the food self-sufficiency goals of developing countries.
An important output
In addition, productivist agriculture allows countries with a small agricultural area. In fact, it insures an increase in both quantity and quality of agricultural production. For instance, the intensive rice-growing system (IRS) achieves a yield of 8 tonnes per hectare instead of 2.5 tonnes per hectare. However, this technique does not require a lot of chemical inputs that could affect the quality of the soil and groundwater
The drawbacks of productivist agriculture
Intensive agriculture is not universally accepted because of the ecological and health consequences of using too aggressive chemical inputs. Indeed, some pesticides, herbicides and chemical fertilizers seep into the subsoil and contaminate the groundwater and water in general. In the air and on the crop, chemicals kill pollinators such as the bee, resulting in considerable losses for beekeepers, for example, while threatening biodiversity. Through his arboreal activities in Tunisia, Tarek Bouchamaoui reduces as much as possible the negative impacts on the environment.
Productivist farming advocates the use of machines that perform better than men. As a result, the mechanization encourages farmers to replace farm workers with machinery. This results in an increase in the unemployment rate, which lead to the growth of social tensions. For its part, by integrating the local population into its agricultural activities in Tunisia, Tarek Bouchamaoui benefits from the commitment of this one. In addition, this agricultural practice requires the mobilization of significant capital. In this perspective, it is not within everyone's reach.